Maha Shivratri 2020: Shiva is the God of the Holy Trinity who represents creation, preservation, and destruction, as per Hindu philosophy. Lord Shiva is considered the destroyer of ignorance and misery.
Shiva means ‘auspicious’, implying every disaster is followed by something good. Shivratri puja, hence, holds a lot of significance for Hindus.
Shivaratri is a great festival of convergence of Shiva and Shakti. Chaturdashi Tithi during Krishna Paksha in the month of Magha is known as Maha Shivaratri according to the South Indian calendar.
However, according to the North Indian calendar, Masik Shivaratri in the month of Phalguna is known as Maha Shivaratri. In both calendars, it is naming convention of lunar month which differs. However, both, North Indians and South Indians celebrate Maha Shivaratri on the same day.
Maha Shivaratri means the ‘Great Night of Lord Shiva’. It is an important festival for millions of Hindu devotees. Maha Shivaratri (Maha Shivratri, Maha Sivaratri, Shivaratri, and Sivaratri) is a festival that is dedicated to the worship Lord Shiva on the 13th or 14th day of the Hindu month of Maagha or Phalguna.
The festival usually occurs in the month of February or March and is observed for one day and night only.
Importance and Significance of Maha Shivratri 2020:
The Shivratri that falls in the month of Phalgun is called Maha Shivratri. This is celebrated on the fourth day of the Krishna Paksha.It is believed that this day marks the wedding day of Lord Shiva and Parvati.
Some also believe that Shiva had performed his famous dance of the primal creation, preservation and destruction-the ‘Tandav Nritya’on this day. Another theory is that Shiva had manifested in the form of a ‘Ling” on this day.
On the occasion of Maha Shivratri, devotees from all over, go to a source of the holy river Ganges (preferably Haridwar) and collect the Holy water from there and walk back barefoot to their village. The water is used to bathe the Shiv Ling is in their village on the auspicious day of Maha Shivratri.
When Maha Shivratri 2020 is? (MahaShivratri kab hai):
- Maha Shivaratri 2020 falls on 21 February, Friday.
Maha Shivaratri 2020: Shivaratri Muhurat
Lord Shiva is worshipped on Mondays every week. Shivratri, the night that is considered auspicious for praying to Him, falls every month on its 13th night/14th day, but the most important Shivratri falls twice in a year—one in the month of Phalgun and the other during the month of Shravan.
- Maha Shivaratri on Friday, February 21, 2020
- Nishita Kaal Puja Time – 00:09 to 01:00, Feb 22
- Duration – 00 Hours 51 Mins
- On 22nd Feb, Shivaratri Parana Time – 06:54 to 15:25
- Ratri First Prahar Puja Time – 18:15 to 21:25
- Second Ratri Prahar Puja Time – 21:25 to 00:34, Feb 22
- Third Ratri Prahar Puja Time – 00:34 to 03:44, Feb 22
- Fourth Ratri Prahar Puja Time – 03:44 to 06:54, Feb 22
- Chaturdashi Tithi Begins – 17:20 on Feb 21, 2020
- Chaturdashi Tithi Ends – 19:02 on Feb 22, 2020
Maha Shivratri 2020: How Shivratri puja is done by devotees
Shivratri is considered to be especially auspicious for women. Unmarried women pray for a husband as ideal as Lord Shiva, while married women pray for the well being of their husbands.
On Shivratri, devotees of all age groups and gender keep a fast and offer puja late at night as per the muhurta. Here are a few items that they use during the Shivratri puja.
Gangajal: Offering Gangajal from a bronze vessel while chanting Shiva mantra ‘Om Namah Shivaya’ is said to bring calmness in life.
Cow milk: Cow is the Vahan of Goddess Parvati. Lord Shiva deeply loves and respects Parvati and Her vahan cow. Therefore, offering cow milk on the Shivalingam on Mahashivaratri is considered very auspicious. This ritual is believed to bring in Shiva’s blessings for good health and treating severe ailments.
Sandalwood paste: Sandalwood is dearly loved by Lord Shiva. Sandalwood paste is believed to cool down his rage and anger. Coating the Shivalingam with sandalwood paste on Mahashivaratri is done to please Him. This ritual is believed to bless you with fame, recognition, and power in society.
Bel Patra: Leaves of the Bel tree, also known as Bilva, share a very special relationship with Lord Shiva and play a very important role in the puja on the day of Shivaratri. This leaf is trifoliate which signifies the Holy Trinity of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.
Bel Patra also signifies the three eyes of Lord Shiva. It is believed that if people offer Bel Patra to Shivalingam, all their desires are fulfilled. Hence, it is considered one of the most significant ingredients used in the Mahashivaratri puja.
It is believed that Goddess Parvati resides as Girija in the roots of Bel tree, as Maheshwari in its trunk, as Dakshayani in its branches, as Parvati in its leaves, as Katyayani in its fruits and as Gauri in its flowers. According to Skanda Purana, the Bel tree emerged from the sweat drops of the Goddess which fell on Mandrachal mountain.
Hence, since Goddess Parvati resides in her various forms in this tree, Lord Shiva extremely loves its leaves. The leaves are offered upside down with its stalk towards the Shivalingam and the tip towards the person offering the puja so that the spread of Shivatattva through the tip of the leaf is more and the worshipper gets maximum benefit.
Ber fruit: Ber is the main fruit that is offered to Lord Shiva on Mahashivaratri. The worship of the Lord has considered fruitless without offering this fruit on Shivalingam. Ber fruit is the symbol of longevity and gratification of desires.
Bel fruit: Lord Shiva is very fond of Bel fruit. Therefore, it is considered a sacred fruit in the Hindu faith. The fruit has a much deeper significance in Mahashivaratri rituals as per Vedas and Puranas. After Ber fruit, Shiva likes Bel fruit the most. This fruit is also called Shreephal or Seerphael.
Bhang: Bhang, commonly known as cannabis, is closely linked to Lord Shiva. Offering it on the Shivalingam is said to discard negativity and the presence of evil from life.
Lord Shiva has his abode in the ice-covered peaks of Himalayas and it is believed He keeps himself intoxicated with bhang to be able to meditate for long duration and stay warm.
There is also a belief that bhang helps him control his anger and thus the world remains safe from his destructive power. Hence, bhang is offered to Lord Shiva on Mahashivaratri.
Dhattoora: Dhattoora is offered to Lord Shiva by devotees on Mahashivaratri. The thought behind it is that they offer all the poisons within them – the poison of jealousy, fear, competition, foul language, and unkind nature – to the lord in the form of Dhattoora. In return, they seek the grace of Shiva to be bestowed upon them a pure and benevolent nature.
Maha Shivratri 2020: Status Quotes and Images
Wish You Happy Maha Shivratri 2020